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High-key lighting helps create images that suit many subjects well. Learn to set up an effective studio lighting scheme in this article.
One of the best things about shooting in a studio is having full control over the lighting. However, it’s not always easy to configure your setup for the effects you want to create. In this tutorial, we’ll explore creating and using a high key lighting setup.
Even if you have an ideal setup, though, you still need photo retouching to make an image great. Luminar is the perfect photo editor for the job, with many portrait-specific Looks and neatly organized workspaces that can boost your photography skills, bringing brightness to your high key photos. If you’re not ready to buy Luminar yet, you can click the button below to try it free of charge.
Let’s start with a basic understanding of high key meaning. The word “key” refers to the main light in a multi-light arrangement. “High” refers to the power of this light relative to others. Therefore, in this setup, the key light is stronger than the other lights, which are called fill lights.
Generally speaking, this setup produces an image in which the subject is relatively free of shadows, leaving the highlights predominant. In portraits and similar shots, the effect is usually combined with strong lights in the background to render it solid white.
High key lighting is useful in creating portraits with a light and airy mood. The reduction of shadow reduces drama, making high key lighting an ideal choice for children’s photography and humorous shots.
This setup is often used in product photography as well to isolate the subject, remove distractions, and give images a more upbeat and friendly feel. High key lighting is a good choice for happy photos. It can also be effective in creating a ghostly effect if modeling shadows are sufficiently reduced.
The opposite of high key lighting is low key lighting. Another way to understand high key meaning is to start from the opposite. Low key photography is usually dark, mysterious, and atmospheric. Low key lighting is used in portrait photography to emphasize a person’s face or body without any distractions. Usually it involves a black background and not a lot of light. High key photography, being the opposite, is full of light and evokes upbeat feelings and positivity.
Contrast is the difference between the light and the dark parts of a scene. Images with high contrast lighting display a full range of tones, from bright highlights to dark shadows. Images with low contrast lighting, on the other hand, have a much narrower range of tones. Your high key images can have a high or a low contrast depending on the mood you’re trying to create. Even a grey background can be suited for a scene with high key lighting provided you use the right contrast.
The type of light source you use isn’t critical as long as your exposure settings and white balance are correct. You can mix modifiers as you wish to achieve harsher or softer effects. Large soft boxes work well for portraiture. Although there are several ways to accomplish high key lighting, we’re going to describe two basic setups that accomplish the desired effect consistently.
The diagram below shows a simple, three-light setup for a high key portrait. The same principle can be applied for product photos, still life shots, and similar images.
In this studio lighting setup, the key light is positioned up close and at a 45-degree angle from the subject. Two lights are placed two to three feet from the background, also at 45 degrees from the subject.
The background lights should be stronger than the key light to deliberately overexpose and blow out that area. One to two stops of difference should be enough. The key light should be modified and/or adjusted to minimize shadows on the unlit side of the subject.
Another studio lighting setup can be created with four lights. To further reduce shadows, a fourth light may be added opposite the key light, as shown in the diagram below.
In this setup, the key light should be moved farther from the subject in order to maintain the correct exposure. A smaller fill light should be placed directly opposite the main light, again at about 45 degrees from the subject. This light should be less intense than the key light and be adjusted to leave just enough shadows to model the subject.
Each studio lighting setup above is based on a fairly large workspace. The main advantage in this is the ability to maintain some distance between the subject and the background. That helps eliminate shadows from the background as well as any detail in the backdrop.
But there’s no reason that a high key setup can’t be managed in a smaller space. Poster board or a cyclorama can be used in place of a larger backdrop. A small strobe or continuous light will work for a key light. Smaller or less powerful strobes can be used for fill, and v-cards or reflectors can also provide fill or background light. The key is balancing the lighting by adjusting the placement and intensity.
The choice of light source for high key photography isn’t critical. Flash, tungsten, or daylight-balanced bulbs are all suitable. Sunlight, too, can be very effective. Just don’t forget to select the appropriate white balance setting on your camera.
It’s advisable to use sources with matching color temperatures, however. Mixing incandescent bulbs with fluorescent or sunlight with room lighting will create uneven color casts in your images.
A light meter can be helpful in positioning and adjusting your lights. It’s difficult to judge differences in light intensity with your eyes, since your irises constantly adjust. If you only have your camera available, you can adjust the metering mode to the spot setting and check the various areas of the shot to check the difference in exposure values. If you’re using your camera’s auto exposure system, you may want to set your exposure compensation a stop or more above normal to achieve the desired result. A little experimentation will go a long way. A patient model will be a real asset, too.
Why use high key lighting? What types of photography is it most suited for? Here’s a list of ideas for when to use high key lighting.
Photographs of children should be happy and lighthearted. If you’re taking a picture of a baby lying on the ground, make sure the light source isn’t casting any shadow on your picture. It would be best to make the baby sit, but if it’s a toddler, make sure to manipulate light in the right way so there are no weird shadows on the face.
Sometimes we need an upbeat photo to make us look active, energetic, and positive. A high key portrait can make you and your models feel invincible. These photos are great for showcasing a person’s positivity and active outlook.
High key photography is the best when it comes to couples and weddings. Why? The romantic feelings between the newlyweds are highlighted by the bright and airy feeling of the photographs. We wish happiness and love to the couple, and that’s why the mysterious dark feeling of low key photography isn’t appropriate here.
High key lighting is perfect for any commercial shots. If you want to make an object look attractive, add bright colors and make it airy and light. The object will evoke happy feelings and attract potential customers.
Even if you’ve done everything correctly, mastered the ins and outs of studio lighting setups, and your images are bright enough, you still need to get them from satisfactory to excellent. The key is to edit in professional software such as Lightroom or Luminar.
Photoshop and Lightroom are the go-to editing software for many. They allow you to do almost anything. These programs take time to learn, but once you’ve mastered them, the possibilities are endless. In Photoshop, you can create your own high key lighting images using curves and highlights and can add contrast, saturation, and additional lighting when needed.
The key to successful editing of a high key shot is to eliminate dark shadows and create an overall brighter photo. Sometimes you can remove all the color from a photo, making it black and white. Generally, the background of high key photos is white and the lines of the subject neatly blend into the background.
Finally, head over to the Vignettes tab and set the Post-Crop Amount to +100, the Midpoint to roughly 0, Roundness between +70 to +75, and the Feather to around 70.
All of these manipulations will help you achieve a high key, high contrast look. You can also add additional effects like textures or a graduated filter that will let you control the background completely.
Luminar is a great piece of software for quickly and easily achieving more. Let’s look at the ways it can help with your high key and contrast lighting photography.
Looks are a quick way to give a special feeling to your photos. There are plenty of free Looks included in Luminar, but you can also go to the Luminar Marketplace to download signature Looks designed by famous photographers. Looks let you achieve a high key photography effect quickly and easily.
Use the multiple filters and sliders in Luminar to edit your image. Smart AI sliders like AI Sky Enhancer and Accent AI can automatically detect weak spots and quickly enhance your high key portraits. Try the black and white conversion filter for stunning black and white shots. Adjust the contrast and brightness by moving the sliders until you get the perfect result.
Workspaces are a quick shortcut to all your favorite filters and sliders. You can create your own custom workspaces or use the predefined workspaces, which give you the sliders you need for portrait, street style, landscape, and many other types of photography. You can also select the sliders you use for high key photography and add them to your own custom high key workspace so the tools you need are always at your fingertips.
Luminar is great not only for editing but also for organizing your photos. You can rate them, sort them into folders and subfolders, and quickly access photos from a particular date. There’s no need to import your photos or organize them according to dates manually; Luminar does it all for you. You can find your high key photographs from a particular photo shoot, quickly edit one, and then sync those edits across all other photos from the shoot in just a few clicks.
Now that you understand the meaning of high key and contrast lighting, you can start to shoot and edit your photos. If you aren’t sure that Luminar is for you, download it for free and see if it suits your workflow. Click the try button below to download your free trial and edit your high key photos to perfection.
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