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Learn how to enhance your beach photographs with this all-encompassing guide to beach photography.
Beach photography can be a lot of fun. There’s something about the ocean that brings peace of mind to humans. Something unspoken, something magical. The sea at any point in the day provides a sense of relaxation. The type of beach photography you’re interested in will determine the time of day and time of year when you go out to photograph. If you’re interested in lifestyle photography, a busy beach in the middle of a summer day will be perfect. If you’re more interested in a moody, dreamy beach image, sunrise or sunset during the off season will be better for you. Beach family photos offer a unique take on the traditional vacation snapshot.
Taking successful beach photos isn’t as simple as clicking the shutter. You must always be on the lookout for changes in light, weather, and tide. Knowing what to look out for and being ready to photograph it when it comes is one of the most important aspects of beach photography. In this article, you’ll learn everything you need to take beautiful beach pictures.
If you’re more interested in photographing the beach landscape rather than the people visiting, you’ll need to choose a time when the beach isn’t covered in tourists. You’ll also need to consider if you want the unique colors of sunrise or sunset, if you’d prefer a nice sunny day, or if you’re more interested in the moody weather of a storm. All types of weather can result in beautiful beach background images.
Camera settings for your beach pictures will vary depending on the time of day, the weather, and what you want your final beach image to look like.
Shooting at a low ISO such as 100 or 200 will ensure that you don’t get any unwanted noise. Any ISO under 400 will reduce the chance of noise.
A slower shutter speed (sometimes up to 30 seconds) in addition to a neutral density filter will create the beautiful, velvety look of water that you see in many successful beach photos. If there are people in your photograph, you’ll want to shoot at a faster shutter speed (1/60 or faster) to ensure you don’t get any unwanted motion blur.
Shooting at an aperture of f/11 or smaller will ensure that the entire beach is in focus. If you’re photographing a person or other subject in front of the ocean, you may want to shoot at a wider aperture to isolate the main subject of the photograph. For example, a beach portrait taken at f/1.8 will have the subject in focus while the background is beautifully blurred.
You should always shoot your beach images in RAW format. This ensures that any mistakes in exposure or white balance can be easily fixed during post-processing.
What exactly is a neutral density filter? This filter reduces the amount of light that hits the lens, allowing your camera to use a slower shutter speed even if it’s the middle of the afternoon and the sun is shining brightly. It’s essentially a darker piece of glass that you place over your lens, acting as sunglasses for your camera.
This is especially helpful when you want to take beach pictures in the middle of the day yet you want that dreamy, soft look to your water. You can pay anywhere from $20 to $150 for a neutral density filter, but make sure you read reviews before you purchase to ensure that the filter you buy will do what you need.
Make sure you don’t mistake a graduated neutral density filter for an actual neutral density filter. A graduated filter is used when you don’t want your sky overexposed, but it won’t darken the entire image enough for long exposures.
Knowing what time of day to shoot and under what conditions will separate your beach photos from the millions of snapshots of family vacations.
The blue hour is the hour right before sunrise (as well as right after sunset) when the world has an eerie bluish cast to it. Since light is scarce during this time, your beach pictures will benefit greatly from a long exposure on a tripod — no neutral density filter needed! The long shutter speed allows the camera to pick up on blue tones that the eye can’t see, and the movement of the water is blurred while keeping the rest of the scene in focus.
To further intensify the blue tones of your beach pictures, shoot with a tungsten white balance. Tungsten attempts to cancel out the warm, orange glow of tungsten lights by adding in more blue tones.
The light of sunrise provides beautiful, warm tones. Since the sun hasn’t risen completely yet, you still have the ability to shoot at a slower shutter speed, blurring the water to create a dreamy atmosphere in your beach images. The sun rising on the horizon creates a beautiful gradient in the sky that’s reflected in the tones of the water.
The golden hour is the hour right before sunset when the world becomes beautifully hazy and covered in a layer of golden light. Silhouettes benefit greatly during this hour, and the overall feel is romantic. The golden hour is the perfect time for a beach photoshoot, especially when taking couples beach portraits.
In order to further intensify the golden tones of your beach photos, shoot with shadow white balance. Shadow white balance attempts to cancel out the cool tones of shadows by adding in warmer, comforting tones.
Photo by Nico Sircas
The varying colors of sunset allow a different photographic opportunity every single evening. The varying shades of orange, red, pink, and purple create beautiful reflections on the water. Silhouettes also benefit from this type of light, making sunset one of the best times of day to photograph romantic beach portraits.
If you’ve ever been to the beach at the peak of summer, you know how difficult it is to get a photograph without any tourists. To avoid this problem, go during the off season. A beach right when winter turns to spring or when summer turns to fall has considerably fewer people. All the same, go early or late in the day to avoid the afternoon crowd.
Know the beaches around you. The most popular ones will surely be filled with people, but what about the lesser-known ones? These will have fewer people, and may also end up having even better beach photo opportunities since they’re left mostly untouched. Do your research on locations around you.
Don’t feel as though you have to photograph the water. Think about what’s around: are there interesting rocks or structures you can use in the foreground? Are there any human subjects with you whom you could photograph in front of the seascape? You don’t need to point your camera at the horizon and shoot from there. Walk around for a bit; take a look at the tidal pools, climb on top of rocks, and walk directly into the water (just make sure you keep your camera safe!). Many wonderful shots can be missed because you’re too busy watching the waves crash ashore. If you still want to shoot the horizon, try shooting from different angles to get more interesting results. A simple change in angle can really enhance your beach photography.
Don’t be put off by stormy days. Some of the best beach pictures have been taken in less-than-perfect weather. Just be sure to protect your camera properly in these situations.
Summer photography offers a lot of options. Sometimes a photograph of sandals on the beach, a small collection of shells, or a sandcastle can be more memorable than a simple landscape shot. Even small details such as a plant or a starfish can add dimension to your travel album. Try focusing on the small details around you to really capture your day. Using a wider aperture (f/4 or wider) can help the subject really pop.
Summer photography also offers some challenges. Shooting in the midday sun can cause unwanted contrast in your beach photos. To avoid this, create some shadow for your subject with an umbrella, your body, or a simple piece of cloth.
To make your beach pictures really pop, you’ll need to edit them in photo editing software such as Luminar 3. Let’s say you’ve taken a photograph of a beach.
Straight out of the camera, the exposure and contrast is alright. If the exposure was too low or too high, you could easily adjust it using the Exposure slider. You could also easily boost the contrast using the Contrast slider. If the sky is too blown out, you can drag the Highlight slider to the left. If the shadows are too dark, you can drag the Shadow slider to the right.
Now that you have a good base, you can start to play around with filters.
The AI Landscape Enhancer filter instantly improves color, tone, depth, and detail. The screenshot above shows the slider pulled up to 65%, but you can increase or decrease this based on your preferences. With a simple click, the colors instantly begin to pop.
Another good filter for landscapes is the Mystic Land filter. You can see that the initial photograph could use a bit more contrast and detail. The Mystic Land filter doesn’t add as much saturation and color as the AI Landscape Enhancer, but it does add the perfect amount of contrast and sharpness.
This photograph was taken on an overcast day in the middle of the afternoon. By using the Warm Sunset filter, you can instantly make your landscape look as if it was taken right before sunset. The original photograph was very cool toned. With one click, the Warm Sunset filter makes the landscape pop and adds in some beautiful warm, purple tones.
If you’re looking for more of a basic adjustment, check the Essentials category. With these basic filters, you can easily adjust contrast, sharpness, and color. Here you can see the Sky Enhancer filter in use. This filter adds depth to the sky, creating an even more moody look overall. The contrast is also gently boosted.
Sometimes a classic black and white photograph is what you’re looking for. Luminar has a handful of different monochrome filters. The Mono filter is shown here. The Mono filter adds a stunning, almost otherworldly effect to the landscape. The Classic B&W filter adds slightly less depth and contrast.
Regardless of what you aspire to do with your photographs, Luminar 3 has a filter that can help you. The ability to adjust the intensity of each filter as well as the ability to further adjust the image in the editing panel means you can get perfect results every time. Try Luminar now to get consistently beautiful photographs!
Maybe you’re more interested in lifestyle portraits and don’t mind the beach being covered in tourists. Perhaps a bright, sunny day is exactly what you’re aiming for. A beach photoshoot during your vacation can leave you with wonderful memories you’ll cherish for years. However, harsh midday sun can be difficult to work with.
If you’ve ever tried to take a beach portrait directly into the sun, you’ll know that your subject ends up underexposed while the background is horribly overexposed. This is especially true in summer, when the sun is bright and harsh. To avoid this, be sure that the sun is always in front of your subject. If the subject is still too dark, you can always use a fill flash to add light to your subject’s face. When shooting in RAW, you’ll be able to adjust the highlights and shadows later.
It’s difficult to get children to stop moving, so a sunny day at the beach is the perfect time to take beautiful beach portraits. The excess of sunlight allows you to shoot with a fast shutter speed, making it easier to freeze motion.
Family beach photos are fun on the shore. Instead of simply posing your subjects as you would in a studio, you can show them truly interacting with each other. Family photography at the beach allows your subjects to show off their playful side. The parents can be holding hands strolling down the beach while the children build a sand castle. Siblings can be splashing water at each other while their parents share a kiss. Everyone can be involved in finding seashells and playing in the waves.
A beach photoshoot allows everyone in the family to be carefree and let their true selves shine. The same is true for couples photography. Get your subjects to run down the beach, jump up and down, and throw sand in the air.
If you want something a little more posed, there are ways of positioning your subjects to still look natural. Some go-to female poses include your subject looking over her shoulder, crossing her arms casually, and lying down on the beach. Couple poses can include kissing, having arms around each other, holding hands, and gazing into each other’s eyes. If you’re taking family portraits, try to get everyone in the scene, then tell a joke or ask the family to interact with each other normally. This will ensure good composition while making your beach photos seem candid.
Thinking about the time of day, the weather, the position of the sun, and the placement of your subject can seem incredibly overwhelming! Not to mention trying to figure out the manual mode on your camera and getting everything exposed correctly. Beautiful beach pictures come with a lot of practice. If you aren’t comfortable with manual mode yet, try shooting in aperture or shutter priority mode.
Throw away everything you thought you knew about beach photography, and don’t be afraid to get creative! Experiment with different camera angles, subjects, times of day, and weather. Pictures of beaches can be incredibly interesting. You may just find that the most unlikely circumstances produce the best results.
For summer photography, beach photos, beach portraits, and other types of photography, Luminar 3 is a fast and easy way to get consistently beautiful results. Try it now to see everything this program has to offer.
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