How to Combine Pictures for Several Different Effects

January 01

16 min. to read

Combining different pictures can lead to many interesting and unique looks.

Every photographer should know how to merge photos into collages and combine photos into unique and amazing pictures. Find out what photo editing software you can use for this and how they can help you combine images.

Photographers have been combining photos since the dawn of photography. They combine photos to achieve creative effects, but they also combine photos to fix errors and improve the quality of their images.

Today, digital photography and photo editors offer innovative ways to combine two photos. Many digital cameras allow you to combine multiple exposures in one frame, but it isn’t always easy to do and the results are hard to predict. Combining images with a good software package is easier and gives you more control over the process.

Depending on your photographic style and purpose, you can use different methods to combine images. For example, you can overlay a texture image over a portrait to create a special effect, or you can combine two images with the same composition but with different exposures. You can merge photos to create collages or you can combine photos to create a surrealist tableau. Here’s everything you need to know about how to combine images and what image editors can help you do so.

How to combine photos and textures

Applying a texture to a photo can create a mood and transform the photo into a work of art. You can use a predefined texture offered by your image editor or create your own texture. It might be a close-up of wood grain, sandstone, burlap, or anything similar. Still, most photographers use predefined textures; image editors tend to offer many of them and regularly update their libraries.

There are simple tools that offer the possibility to combine photos with predefined textures. In many (for example, in most image editors apps for iPhone), all you have to do is choose an image and the texture you want to apply. If you’re in a hurry, you can use this option. But if you have time for proper post-processing, use software that works with layers.

Adobe Photoshop, Gimp, and Luminar 3 are some options. These image editors allow you to create different layers for your image and your texture. You can experiment with different textures in the same project and choose between many blending modes. This quick video tutorial teaches you how to combine images with textures in Luminar 3.

How to Combine Pictures for Several Different Effects Image1Photo by Almos Bechtold on Unsplash

How to combine two pictures

If you want to combine two pictures from your portfolio, you need to use layers. Each picture will have its own layer. You can adjust the pictures individually and then choose the blending mode and opacity level. 

Working with layers is easy and efficient. You can control how each layer looks and how the final image will look. You can enable and disable individual layers and try different approaches in the same project. Learn how to work with layers in Luminar 3 watching this informative video.

1. How to combine two pictures with the same composition

Knowing how to combine two images can help you deliver photos with perfect exposure even when you photograph scenes with a wide dynamic range.

For example, a sunset landscape might need different exposure values for the sky and for the rest of the scenery. You’ll also likely need multiple exposures when shooting at midday on a sunny day, when the sky is flat and almost colorless but the rest of the landscape has vivid colors. Shooting the moon at night also requires different exposures for the moon and for other elements in the picture.

How to Combine Pictures for Several Different Effects Image2

To avoid having underexposed and overexposed areas in your image, you can take two identical shots using different exposures. Then use an image editor to combine the pictures. You can also increase the dynamic range of an image by blending bracketed exposures with HDR software.

Combine two images in Luminar 3

Begin to learn this technique using two images and then advance to overlaying multiple photos in Luminar 3. Windows users can combine two images by following these steps:

  • Open the base image.
  • Add a new layer for the second image by selecting Add New Image Layer.
  • Select Gradient Mask from the Brush menu of the new layer.
  • Choose the area from the base image that you want to replace with a selection from the second image and press Done.

How to Combine Pictures for Several Different Effects Image3
By now, you’ll already see the two images together, but you’ll need to make some small adjustments.

  • From the Tools menu, choose Free Transform and change the second image until it fits perfectly. You can change dimensions, orientation, angle, etc.
  • Choose the blend mode that gives you the effect you want. Most of the time, the Normal blend mode works just fine, but experiment with others too. The results can be quite different.

How to Combine Pictures for Several Different Effects Image4
Find out more about double exposure and how you can improve your photos by learning to combine what’s best in two similar images. 

If you want to replace the sky in an image with the sky from a completely different image, here’s a great video tutorial about how to do this with Luminar 3. When you see an awesome sunset or a cloud formation you like, shoot a good photo of it and add it to your library for later use.

If you haven’t used Luminar 3 already, it’s time to download it and try it for free.

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2. How to combine two pictures with different compositions

Some image editors offer the possibility to combine any two images. Adobe Photoshop and Gimp, for example, provide complex selection tools to select elements from an image to add to a base image. This can be time-consuming. It also requires patience and skill because the quality of the selection determines the final visual impact.

How to Combine Pictures for Several Different Effects Image5

Nevertheless, it’s useful to know how to combine photos with different compositions because the results can be impressive. David LaChapelle is famous for his “kitsch pop surrealist” photographs, in which he combines pictures of celebrities with fairylands and even Biblical landscapes.

Choose images with the same resolution and the same light source. It will be easier to blend photos subtly if they look similar and have the same style. But this isn’t a rule, and many photographers create abstract compositions in which you can clearly see the components. Then learn how to combine two pictures using your favorite software.

How to Combine Pictures for Several Different Effects Image6Combine two images in Photoshop

If you use Adobe Photoshop, you probably know that it has a lot of great tools for image manipulation. It’s so popular that “to photoshop” has even become a verb. But Adobe Photoshop isn’t easy to learn, although there are many courses and books about it. Here are the steps you need to follow to combine two images using Photoshop:

  • Open the two images you want to combine and decide which will be the base.
  • In the second image, use a selection tool to select the part you want to add to the base image. You can use the Free Select tool to hand-draw the selection, the Fuzzy Select tool to select an area of a specific color, or the Rectangle or Ellipse Select tools to select an area of a specific shape. Make the selection clean and precise.
  • Copy the selection.
  • Move to the base image and paste the selection you’ve made into a new layer. Position it in the right spot. Use any transform tool you need to make the selection fit your needs.
  • Blend the new addition using a layer mask.
  • Set the opacity level.
  • Set the blend mode.

How to merge two photos in Photoshop

Merging photos is the technique of putting images next to each other. When you merge photos, you don’t necessarily blend them together; instead, you can arrange them in a collage. This technique is used to make mockups for magazines, photo albums, photomontages, and creative works. Raoul Hausmann (1886–1971), one of the pioneers of photomontage and the founder of the Berlin Dada group, can be one source of inspiration.

Before using Photoshop to merge two images, you need to decide what type of collage you want to make. If you want to do a photomontage in the Hausmann style, you can combine your images as mentioned above without blending them very well. Even the selections can be chunky and gritty. Then add textures and dramatic effects.

If you want to merge photos for a photo album, follow these steps:

How to Combine Pictures for Several Different Effects Image7

  • Choose the images you want to use.
  • Draw a template on a piece of paper deciding the size and placement of each image.
  • Open all images in Photoshop.
  • Create a new image with the dimensions you need. If you want to use images at their original size, you’ll have to create a new image large enough for all of them to fit. Otherwise, you’ll need to scale the images. Make sure you keep the aspect ratios fixed.
  • Select each image (Ctrl+A), then copy and paste it into the new image, creating a layer for each.
  • Use the Move tool to move the new layers into position.
  • If your images overlap, you can change the order of layers by simply dragging them.

Merge two photos on a smartphone

Sometimes it can be easier to merge images directly on your smartphone and share a collage instead of a series of shots. There are many apps that do that. You can try the original image editor for iPhone or try Image Combiner, PhotoMixer, PhotoGrid, and Adobe Photoshop Mix for Android.

All of these apps offer predesigned templates, but you can also create your own. Then you can simply choose images from your gallery and let the app merge photos. Save and share the result.

How to Combine Pictures for Several Different Effects Image8PhotoMixer 

How to merge photos to create a panoramic shot

If you don’t have a camera that does panoramic pictures, you can always create panoramic shots in post-processing. To merge photos into a panoramic image, you need to use software that works with layers, like Photoshop or Gimp. 

To make sure your pictures can be merged into a panorama, take them using a tripod and make sure they all align. Each picture should overlap with the previous by about 25–30%. This assures better blending when you merge them. And don’t forget to work fast, as shooting conditions might change.

After you have all the parts of the panoramic image, learn how to merge two images in Photoshop. When merging a panorama, you’ll have all your images in a line, overlapping.

How to Combine Pictures for Several Different Effects Image9
Whether you choose to combine photos or to merge photos, the result is always outstanding. Technology gives you a lot of useful tools to work with. You can even plan your photos in advance and take sky pictures or texture pictures to use later.

Combine photos with creativity and build narratives that will amaze the world. Editing shouldn’t take you more time than the photo session. Use an image editor you can master quickly and take advantage of its preset libraries. Luminar 3 is a great choice. If you haven’t used it already, now is a good time to download it and try it for free.

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